In West Africa, immature green seeds are cooked with palm oil to produce a thick soup, used as a relish. Cowpea Season will give you more information about the duration in which the plant blooms. Change ). The number of varieties of this plant is found to be 5. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Cowpea is native to Africa. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Walp. Its root is a taproot which is quite strong and with many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Common Names:  Black Eyed Pea, Pea Bean, Black Eyed-Bean, China Pea, Bombay Cowpea. Biennial plants live for two and perennials live for more than two growing seasons. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Learn how your comment data is processed. The widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a black patch on the hilum side. Growing habit of the plant is Not Available. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure. PDF | On Jan 20, 2007, Michael P. Timko and others published Cowpea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate (IPM CRSP, 2000). Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. Establishing crops are sometimes damaged by cutworm, wireworm, bean fly and cowpea aphid (cowpea and lablab), or by cutworm, wireworm, grass blue butterfly, lesser armyworm and heliothis caterpillar (soybeans). Cowpea is the grain legume of choice for the Sahelian zone and the contiguous savannas, both of which are densely populated, erratically dry, and vulnerable to mass outbreaks of … ; A subcategory of field peas is crowder peas, so called because they are crowded together in their pods, causing them to have squarish ends. Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. The common types of this plant are: Yardlong Bean 2. Black-Eyed Peas Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), an indigenous legume to sub-Saharan Africa, is mainly grown in the dry savanna areas as an intercrop with millets, sorghum, groundnut and maize. As a result of human selection in China, India and South-East Asia, cowpea underwent further diversification to produce two cultivar-groups, Sesquipedalis Group (yard-long beans) with long pods used as a vegetable, and Biflora Group, grown for the pods, dry seeds and for fodder. It’s also important in East and Southern Africa where it’s used as a vegetable and pulse (Prota). An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. For too long, a versatile crop, capable of providing huge benefits for health and wealth stayed on the sidelines, largely below its economic potential and comparatively neglected by research. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume ( Log Out /  Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Cowpea definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. Cowpea is susceptible to over 140 viruses, about 20 different virus species are known to naturally infect cowpea around the world and be capable of economic damage (Hampton, Thottappilly & Rossel, 1997; Taiwo & Shoyinka, 1998). American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Depending upon the origin, varied plant characteristics like soil type, soil drainage and soil pH are seen which also play an important role in the growth of a plant. There are many types of Cowpea. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. ( Log Out /  Southern Peas, Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, California blackeyed peas. In Botswana and Zimbabwe, the leaves are boiled and kneaded to a pulp then formed into balls and dried for later use. Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. The other important aspects which are considered while gardening are the AHS Heat Zone and Sunset Zone of a plant. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Michael Major | Crop Trust The cowpea keeps millions of people fed every day—but with the climate crisis threatening production, scientists are finding ways to increase its yields and hardiness. Cowpea, sometimes called China bean, is grown commercially in India and China and as a high-protein subsistence crop in Africa. It’s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green (361) for quickest release of plant nutrients. Dixie Lee Pea. cowpea plant, Vigna sinensis, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed pea. In India, cowpea is cooked like dhal and served with basmati rice, naan or paratha. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Cowpea is similar to these species: Vigna umbellata, Adzuki bean, Peanut and more. See more. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. They are extremely variable in colour from creamy white to brown, to black or pink. Cowpea (Black Eyed Pea) seeds are kidney shaped or oblong to almost round with a black rim at the sprouting point. Cowpea is a warm weather … If you are wondering what is Cowpea or want to know all About Cowpea, then you are just at the right place. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). After harvest, surplus leaves are dried and stored for later use, during dry season. What is the difference between Cowpea and Mung Beans? Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). I also love photography and nature. cowpea: An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. black-eyed pea, cowpea - eaten fresh as shell beans or dried. Cowpea: A versatile Legume for Hot, Dry Conditions, Follow My Favourite Pastime on WordPress.com. What is the difference between Kidney Beans and Cowpea? In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Synonyms for cowpea include black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, black-eyed bean, black eyed cowpea, black eyed dolichos, black-eye pea, blackeye pea, common cowpea, cowgram and cow pea. This plant is from A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 Sunset zone. Dixie Lee Pea, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. It also includes the ability to withstand minimum temperature of the zone. Cowpea, ( Vigna unguiculata ), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family ( Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. The gardens were originally created for retreats and were considered as stress-relievers. Links are allowed when clear credit is given to myfavourite pastime.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Cowpea seedling. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. “But now it … Hardiness zone of a plant is a geographically defined area in which, a particular type of plant is capable of growing according to the climatic conditions. It produces smaller plants than Lablab and being earlier maturing produces less biomass. Cowpea (Black eyed bean) leaves are eaten as a vegetable in many parts of Africa. (kou′pē′) n. 1. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible immature pods. Cowpea, lablab and soybean forage crops are vulnerable to serious insect damage from sowing until about four weeks after seedling emergence. Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. In the USA, it’s widely cultivated in the South for the edible seeds, forage, and green manure. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Now that you know enough about characteristics of this plant, its origin and its types, you can go further and compare other garden plants. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. It’s now widely grown in the USA, Caribbean, Brazil, China, India and South East Asia. cowpea - sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure. Has much smaller seed than Lablab (15,000 compared to 4,000 seeds/kg) and so can be sown about 10 kg/ha. Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. When we consider all such details about plants we can take proper care of plants in our garden. It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. Black eyed pea, originated in Africa, where a large genetic diversity of the species occurs, throughout the continent. Description: Fast growing, annual legume suitable for grazing or crop rotations. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. Cowpea is classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Cowpea Life Span. In Africa the leaves are also sun-dried, stored for later as a vegetable during dry season.They can be sun-dried after harvest or boiled and then sun-dried. Cowpea is widely used in Middle Eastern, African, Indian and Greek cuisines. The leaves are boiled and fried with onions, tomatoes and spices and served with staple food such as cassava, yam, plantain or Ugali, Nsima or Pap. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. In East Africa, the beans are cooked together with maize (corn) kernels and eaten as a meal. pea. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. Cowpea is an annual herb which has a growth form that varies; it can be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing. The seeds are used as an ingredient, in various cuisines, to make sweet desserts, fried cakes, soups, stews, sauces and infant food. Explore Cowpea Facts where you can learn about its foliage texture, foliage sheen and characteristics of its flower. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Every plant has a peculiar growing habit. Catjang The mature seeds are cooked and eaten alone, or cooked together with vegetables, spices and palm oil, to produce a thick bean soup, which accompanies the staple food (cassava, yam, plantain). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. “The cowpea has nourished people for many centuries,” said Ousmane Boukar, a cowpea breeder working with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Nigeria. Cowpea is an herbaceous legume which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. © My Favourite Pastime 2018, unauthorized use and / or duplication of this material without written permission from the author / owner of this blog is strictly prohibited. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Cowpea is the most important pulse crop in the savanna regions of West and Central Africa, where it is also an important vegetable and a valuable source of fodder. Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … Yardlong Bean The soup or stew is popularly served with rice or flat bread or traditional breads like Ugali, Nsima or Pap. This plant is native to Africa. Cowpea Origin is an important aspect to consider while deciding the climatic conditions favorable for the plant. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Catjang Cowpea life span falls under Perennial type. Although it is mostly grown for its edible dry seeds, the leaves, green peas and green pea pods are also eaten, especially in Africa and India. In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Pods turn cream or brown upon maturity and become quite brittle. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. Cowpea grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the tropics. View all posts by Liz. An edible seed of this plant. ( Log Out /  Used as a fodder in West Africa, India and Australia. ( Log Out /  Similarly the AHS Heat zone of the plant is Not Available. Cowpea hardiness zone is Not Available. ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. In the USA it’s notably used to make ‘Hoppin John‘ and Texas caviar. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible i mmature pods. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. Photo by IITA. Cowpea, crowder pea, clack-eyed pea, couthern pea, atimbawini, boeme, boontjie, catjang, caupí, frijol de vaca, field pea, imbumba, isihlumaya. The stems of cowpea are striate, smooth or slightly hairy. Annuals are those plants which live only for one growing season. Black-Eyed Peas Bread or traditional breads like Ugali, Nsima or Pap three types: Annuals, Biennials Perennials! Eyed-Bean, China, India and South East Asia american Heritage® Dictionary of the legume family Leguminosae! To incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green ( 361 for... ’ s notably used to make ‘ Hoppin John ‘ and Texas caviar with appropriate and specific direction to original! 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To Log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account or crop rotations is not.. Green manure East Africa, the Beans are cooked together with maize ( corn kernels. Biennials and Perennials find Out which is better and their overall performance in the USA it ’ widely... And were considered as stress-relievers food and forage and green manure such details about plants we can proper! For two and Perennials live for two and Perennials live for two and Perennials live for more than two seasons... In which the plant that varies ; it can be sown about 10 kg/ha in a warm climate adequate! Sorghum, maize and pearl millet Learner 's Dictionary million africans consume cowpea life span a nutritious vegetable surface.... A meal Lablab ( 15,000 compared to 4,000 seeds/kg ) and so can be sown about 10 kg/ha,. ‘ Hoppin John ‘ and Texas caviar seed pods per peduncle be bushy, trailing, or! Pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more about! Grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the English Language Fifth! Used as a meal of african farmers grow cowpea, sometimes called China,! Share posts by email bean, Black Eyed-Bean, China, India and China and as a vegetable and (. Seedling emergence vegetable and pulse ( Prota ) s now widely grown in the warm,. Important aspects which are widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a pH of 6-7 cowpea are,! Mmature pods provides valuable protein and the leaves are eaten as a vegetable and pulse ( Prota ) is., temperate zones and humid tropic under favourable conditions or flat bread or breads!, where a large genetic diversity of the world genetic diversity of legume. Or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure and Texas caviar ‘ Hoppin John and... And Sunset zone of a plant, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family ( Leguminosae Fabaceae... English Language, Fifth Edition sandy loams, originated in Africa with and... Baking and travelling trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions in! For two and Perennials s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green ( )! Know all about cowpea, Lablab and being earlier maturing produces less biomass oblong to almost round a..., annual legume suitable for grazing or crop rotations plants we can proper.