The Lion and Sun Emblem shown here in this manner: The Safavid interpretation of this symbol is believed to have been based on a combination of historical legends like the Shahnameh, stories of prophets, and other Islamic sources. I have been studying history since age 10, and I have been researching history for decades. So the official starting date of the “1st Pars” was since Cyrus had started the Persian Empire (539 BC) until the end point of Yazdgird III, the last emperor of the Sassanid Dynasty (651 AD). Some interpret that Kaveh was Cyrus the Achaemenid and Zahak was Azhidahak (Astiyak) the Median King. Modern Version of Faravahar Top Derafsh Kaviani Standard, Next Page Sassanid Dynasty: 224 AD – 651 AD [33] A decree dated 4 September 1910 specified the exact details of the emblem, including the shape of the lion's tail ("like an italic S") and the position and the size of the lion, the sword, and the sun. The dynasty drew its name from Achaemenes, who, from 705-675 BCE, ruled Persis, which was land bounded on the west by the Tigris River and on the south by the Persian Gulf. Others believe that Yaqub Leis Saffarid (Liberator of Iran) is in fact the legendary “Kaveh” who freed Iran from the Arab Caliph Al Mu'tamid-ol bi-Allah of Abbasid whom represented “Zahak”. According to some historians, Sun represents “Mitra” The Ancient Persian Sun Goddess. The standard is described by Xenophon of Athens in Cyropaedia (Book VII, C.1) as: "...and the word went down the lines, "Eyes on the standard and steady marching!". Gold, Purple, Red and White (hanging strings) were the Sassanian Derafsh colors. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC Iranian flag (as the Islamic Republic) in this photo. [32], The flag was modified twice during the Pahlavi era. After him, many Susa Dynasties had ruled Iran. The bow used by the archers of the Achaemenid Empire is known as the composite bow. The Lion and Sun emblem is the oldest Persian Aryan Logo, going back 8000 years. The "Ya Karim" flag, which was a pun on Karim Khan Zand's name, and Al-Karim (the generous), which was one of the Islamic names of God, Unlike their Zand and Afsharid predecessors, the Qajar rulers used rectangular flags. The Achaemenid Persian Empire, or the first Persian empire, was founded in 550 BCE by Cyrus the Great. Earth Flag Ancient Persia Text On Photo Silk Road Angel Art Ancient Civilizations Iranian Middle Ages Flags. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The Holy Sun is the symbol of light, fertility and intelligence. [citation needed]. The Iranian flag (which was later designed under Darius I the Great) symbolised this unity and victory (green above white and red) as the flag of the people of Iran. Karibu-Sha-Shushinak also known as Shushinak (3750 BC), son of Shimbi-ish-khuk (patesi of Susa, governor of the land of Elam), at First was a subject ruler Under Babylon, then he became an independent Sha (Shah), The Shah of Susa [First Shah of Iran]. For more information about Zoroastrianism read: Zoroastra and Zoroastrianism, The Real Story. Chapter 6: Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) Flags and Insignias Third Pars (3rd Persian Empire) will and must become a reality. [23] Their banners appear to have shown chequered motifs.[24]. achaemenid empire flag #Achaemenids. [26][27], Under Nasser al-Din Shah, the principal flag was white with a green border on three sides and a lion and emblem in the centre. Aqa Mohammad Khan (1794 AD – 1797 AD) was a worthy Shahanshah who maintained the integrity of the Persian Empire. [17], A square tile representing a miniature (12 cm2) banner Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds (English) Cyrus (Keveh) revolted against the oppression of Astiyak (Zahak) and ended the Median Kingdom’s reign by starting the Persian Empire. Arsacid Dynasty: 238 BC – 224 AD Back to Maps Index, Chapter 1: Theran Yasavoli. The old state and national flags remained unchanged until 29 July 1980, when the modern Iranian flag was adopted. Persian Winged Bull is sacred in Ancient Aryan, Vedai and Zoroastrian philosophies. The tulip shape of the emblem as a whole memorialises those who have died for Iran and symbolises the values of patriotism and self-sacrifice, building on a legend that red tulips grow from the shed blood of martyrs. Faravahar Top Derafsh Kaviani O. Derafsh kaviani No doubt, Persian Empire will rise again. Before 1935 Iran used to be named Pars. Different version of Derafsh. Islamic Republican flag flown at Abshar Park. Aryan Lion, Mitra (Sun) and Anahita, 4th Century BC Faravahar is holding The Ring of Power, which was granted to the Persian Emperors to govern the Aryan Lands. During this period the Lion and Sun stood for two pillars of the society: the state and religion. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC Chapter 12: Iran Designer and Symbolic Flags Achaemenid Empire Timeline. In the zodiac the sun is linked to Leo; for the Safavids the Lion and Sun symbol conveyed the double meaning of the royal and holy figure of the shah (Jamshid and Ali), the auspicious astrological configuration bringing the cosmic pair and the earthly—king and imam—together. Although various alams and banners were employed by the Safavids (especially during the reign of the first two kings), by the time of Shah Abbas I the Lion and Sun symbol had become one of the most popular emblems of Iran. The flag of Iran (Persian: پرچم ایران‎, romanized: parčam-e Irân, pronounced [pʰæɾˌtʃʰæme ʔiːˈɾɒːn]), also known as the Three-Coloured Flag (پرچم سه رنگ ایران, parčam-e se rang Irân [pʰæɾˌtʃʰæme se ræŋ ʔiːˈɾɒːn]), is a tricolour comprising equal horizontal bands of green, white and red with the national emblem ("Allah") in red centred on the white band and the takbir written 11 times in the Kufic script in white, at the bottom of the green and the top of the red band. Political activist Hassan Dai addressing in Toronto with the Imperial flag. Pendare Nik, Goftare Nik, Kerdare Nik (Modern Persian) History is a scientific field which must be updated in accordance to the latest scientific, archeological, anthropological and historical discoveries. Susa (Shush) Ancient Persian Kingdom (3750 BC - 539 BC) Chapter 2: Iran Post Islamic Historical Flags and Emblems Susa War Horse Emblem become popular during the Susa Kingdom Era (3750 BC - 539 BC) and naturally dragged throughout the Achaemenian Era (559 BC – 330 BC). Please enjoy the research. The sun's facial features were removed and the Kiani Crown on the naval ensign was replaced with the Pahlavi Crown. There were three variants of the flag in use. 2. Chapter 8: Imperial Iranian Army (IIA) and Imperial Armed Forces (IAF) Flags Do not trust these websites because non-of these webmasters are historians or experts in Ancient Persian History. [37], Civil flag(1964–present)[citation needed], co-State flag[citation needed](1979–1980). Before this period, there were Governors ruling Susa, not Shahs. Pictures & specification of the flags of the world including Pantone colors . The state flag was a tricolour with the lion and sun emblem in the centre. The official Parthian Military Standard of Azhidahak (Dragon) Third Pars (Future Dates). Chapter 13: Iran Political, State and Commercial Organizations Flags Lion represents: the Aryan protector, Aryan root force, Aryan ingenuity and Aryan power. In the future I shall write a paper on the Persian Winged Bull and the complete subject of the “Persian Winged Guardians”. From 6000 BC to 3750 BC, Shush (Susa) the first civilization in Iran was a City State and ruled by Governors. The very first official “Imperial Flag” of Iran, the emblem of The Golden Eagle used by Cyrus I from 559 BC. The Aryan Lion reaching to and grabbing the Holy Wisdom of the Sun. Lap of Honor of Kimia Alizade during 2016 Summer Olympics with the Tricolour flag of Iran, Koch, Heidemarie 1989: Persepolis. East of the Zagros Mountains, a high plateau stretches off towards India.While Egypt was rising up against the Hyksos, a wave of pastoral tribes from north of the Caspian Sea was drifting down into this area and across into India.By the time the Assyrians had built their new empire, a second wave had covered the whole stretch between the Zagros and the Hindu Kush. Ahuramazda and Ahreeman are two sides of the same coin. Achaemenid Military Units used to carry this banner. Darius Lion Chapter 10: Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) Flags and Insignias Various emblems and banners have been recorded to be used by the Seljuks in different periods. Simorq Persian Phoenix Emblem of Iran Banner Third Pars: The Future Revival of the Persian Empire. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC Pars is also the Persian term for Iran. Empire of Alexander the Great . Chapter 3: Qajar Imperial Court Flags, Meaning of Tricolor Flag, Lion, Sun and Sword The flag was decorated with emblems, which were either superimposed over it or was placed above the flag. The Holy Fire is the symbol of health, heat, light and intellect. Attached to the lower edge were tassels of yellow, magenta, and scarlet, with large pendant jewels. The Lion and Sun Emblem shown here in this manner: The Scientific History is the only way to research and study history in the 21st Century. I write the “Scientific History” where I research and use the scientific facts and evidence as my documents and foundation. Several other sizes of parts of the flags are described in the simple construction sheet, but these values are not all consistent with the precise values obtained if following the classical construction. Achaemenid Dynasty: 559 BC – 330 BC Lion and Sun Emblem 39. During its existence, it ruled over Egypt, the Levant, the Middle East, Transoxania, and parts of The Balkans, the Caucasus, and Ukraine. Achaemenian Persian Golden Eagle Standard of Cyrus the Great 6 BC Iran Flag Rostam Farokhzad and his men fought until the final drop of their blood defending Iran, while battled the Savage Arabo-Muslim Invaders. Shushinak built many temples and wrote many inscriptions. [citation needed], Cyrus the Great, a Persian, defeated his grandfather Astyages, the High Judge (King) of the Medes, and founded Iran by uniting the Persians and the Medes. Early Seljuks were using their traditional emblems, but they gradually adopted local Muslim emblems and banners. Emperors such as Shapour The Great, Anushirvan, and Khosrow Parviz waved this banner and Great Military Leaders such as Pride of Iran, General Arteshbod "Rostam-e Farokhzad" The Great Persian Hero had fought and died under this banner. 4. For more information about the other Pre Aryan Iranian Ancient Civilizations read: Persian Winged Bull is one of the “Persian Winged Guardians”. In opposition to the current regime in Iran, a number of Iranian exiles (particularly in Los Angeles) continue to use the Iranian tricolor with the Lion and Sun at the center.[3]. Today the Gold and Purple are Persian Royal Colors and Persian Symbols. It followed the Median Empire as the second great empire of the Iranian peoples. was discovered at Persepolis in 1948. All humans and elements of the universe have both good and evil in them and they must maintain a balance between the two or else the system of the universe collapses. The Lion and Sun emblem is the oldest Non Aryan Iranic Logo going back 8000 years. This is the second edition of my book with updated information and many new flags. Persia is a formable nation in the Middle East, representing a restoration of the Persian Empire as it existed under the Achaemenid dynasty until the conquests of Alexander the Great and would historically be followed up by the Parthians and especially the Sassanids. GEORGIA : pre 1502 flags Persia. The Achaemenid Empire, c. 550-330 BCE, or First Persian Empire, was founded in the 6th century BCE by Cyrus the Great, in Western and Central Asia. This writing renders the flag non-reversible. The flag was decorated with emblems, which were either superimposed over it or was placed above the flag. Achaemenid empire vαͽnα Ηραϗ alternative fandom persian civil war eastern manifest destiny alternative flag of iran persian empire desktop transpa india flag emblem png 1348 1198 transpa iran. Sun represents: light, warmth and wisdom, which shines upon the Aryans. The official Achaemenid’s Imperial Courthouse Banner, Achaemenian Golden Eagle State Standard English: Standard of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.Called the: Derafsh-e Shahbaz-e-Talayi or the Golden Falcon (Persian: درفش شاه‌باز طلایی). Chapter 14: Iran Politics Club (IPC) Flags, Conclusion, Sources. This is a Darius Style Lion which had appeared in the Persian Architecture and stone carving starting from the time of Darius the Great (522 BC - 486 BC). Most important, is the fact that I look at the history as a scientific field, which needs to be upgraded by time. Saved by Ariana. Georgia : 1502 - 1524 Persia. The Achaemenian Persian Empire State Banner. It lasted from 550 BC-330 BC. As The Persian Kingdom (Median Kingdom) became The Persian Empire (Achaemenid's Empire), this banner became the official banner of The Persian Empire. This version of Azhidahak (Dragon) had a horn. [29], During the reign of Mohammad Shah, the two different lion emblems were combined into a single flag which featured a lion passant holding a sword in front of a sun. The parliament of Iran, per the 1980 constitution, changed the flag and seal of state insofar as the Lion and Sun were replaced by the red emblem in the centre of the flag. This emblem is somewhat similar to the Khanda but has no relation to Sikhism and its meaning to that religious community. [30][31] There was also a naval ensign which had a red and green border and a civil ensign which looked the same as the naval ensign but without the lion and sun in the middle. It also has an interesting event that allows you to change your capital to interesting places, though not … The official flag of the empire was most probably a black flag, similar to the flag of the Abbasid Caliphate. Sassanian Battle Standard Back to History Index Back to Uniforms Index You are about to observe the latest and the most accurate historical research of the 21sth Century about the history of the Iranian flag. Aqa Mohammad Khan was the Last Persian Emperor. Xenophon in Cyropaedia (7.1.4) describes the standard of Artaxerxes II at Cunaxa as "a golden eagle, with outspread wings, borne aloft on a long spear-shaft",[11] the same banner recorded to be used by Cyrus the Great.